What is Carborundum?
Carborundum is the trademark name for silicon carbide crystals used as an abrasive material in sandpaper, cutting tools and grinding wheels. Artists originally used the substance for grinding lithography stones, but collagraph prints use it to create texture and tone gradients.Image © Muka In Room/Shutterstock
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ARTWORKS RELATED TO CARBORUNDUM
Gutai were the group of Japanese radical artists who formed the Gutai Art Association in 1954. The word gutai is translated to mean embodiment. They created art on the spot for audiences, including their own physical movements; throwing paint, piercing paper and rolling in mud.
Shock Art is a movement which incorporates disturbing images, scents or sounds to provoke a shocked reaction and experience in viewers. Viewed by critics and proponents as social commentary, either negative or positive, the art form seeks to use taboo, obscene or outrageous components.
Automatism refers to the process of accessing material from the unconscious or subconscious within the creative process. It is Sigmund Freud’s method used during psychoanalysis called free association. Artists valued the process for its ability to stimulate creative thought and activity.