Sam Francis

Untitled, 1984

106.7 X 73 inch

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What is Papier-Maché?

What is Papier-Maché?

Composite material that consists of pieces of pulp or paper reinforced using textiles and bound using adhesives like starch, wallpaper paste or glue. Preparation of Papier Mache can take two methods, one uses paper strips that are glued together and the other method makes use of pulp that's obtained through boiling or soaking paper to which a glue is added. Each of the two methods has its own procedure. The results however, are not much different.

Artwork by Niki de Saint Phalle
American Abstract Artists (AAA)

American Abstract Artists (AAA) is the name of the organization founded in New York City to promote abstract art and its appreciation in the United States. Critics were strongly opposed to abstract art then. The AAA provided exhibit opportunities for abstract art and artists.

Earth Art

Earth art was a style which emerged in the 1960s and 70s. It was part of the conceptual art movement, and refers to artworks created by sculpting the land or making structures in the landscape using earth, rocks or twigs.

Sculpture / Object

A sculpture is a three-dimension object made using any one of the basic sculpting processes. These include carving, casting, constructing or modeling. Carving materials may be bone, ivory, stone or wood. Modeling and casting use clay or wax, while constructions glue materials together.

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