Sam Francis

Untitled, 1984

106.7 X 73 inch

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What is Grupo Ruptura?

What is Grupo Ruptura?

Grupo Ruptura was an organization formed in Brazil by artists who wished to break away from the old forms of naturalist painting in favor of geometric abstract art. The seven published their Ruptura Manifesto, early in the 1950s, advocating “new art for a new country”.

Artwork by Waldemar Cordeiro
East Indian ink

East Indian ink is a medium made of fine soot, called lampblack, which is combined with water. The carbon molecules make a black, waterproof ink. It has been used in India since the 4th century BC. Artists use the ink for writing, drawing, and painting.

Plate

A plate is a broad, concave, but mainly flat vessel on which food can be served. A plate can also be used for ceremonial or decorative purposes. Most plates are circular, but they may be any shape, or made of any water-resistant material. Generally plates are raised round the edges, either by a curving up, or a wider lip or raised portion. Vessels with no lip, especially if they have a more rounded profile, are likely to be considered as bowls or dishes, as are very large vessels with a plate shape.

Pencil

A Pencil is a writing tool constructed with a core of solid pigment, either black or colored, encased by a protective layer of wood or composite material. Pencils leave marks on paper by leaving part of the core pigment on the surface.

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