What is Charcoal?
Charcoal is sticks of charred wood used to make initial studies and finished drawings. It is easily smudged and erased. It requires resin or gum to make it stick to surfaces permanently, and is ideal for sketching first ideas on walls or canvas.Image © Burhan Bunardi/Shutterstock
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ARTWORKS RELATED TO CHARCOAL
Also referred to as Earth art, Earthworks or Environmental art. Primarily, it is a sculptural movement that encompasses creative artwork that integrates conceptual or physical elements of the earth or landscape to a finished piece.
Gutai were the group of Japanese radical artists who formed the Gutai Art Association in 1954. The word gutai is translated to mean embodiment. They created art on the spot for audiences, including their own physical movements; throwing paint, piercing paper and rolling in mud.
Short-violent art movement in the 20th century. Can be regarded as a major part of the many independent struggles and efforts to build the "action art" in the 1960s. Well known participants of this movement were Arnulf Rainer and Hermann Nitsch.