Sam Francis

Untitled, 1984

106.7 X 73 inch

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What is Grupo Frente?

What is Grupo Frente?

Grupo Frente was a movement founded in 1954 Brazil by teaching artist Ivan Serpa. Many students at the Rio de Janeiro Museum of Modern Art participated in the movement, which sought to reject the nationalism and figuration in modernist forms of Brazilian painting.

Artwork by Ivan Serpa
Aquatint

An Intaglio printmaking art technique. Marks capable of holding dye or ink are made on the plate by the artist then passed trough a press together with a paper, resulting in transfer of the held ink to the sheet of paper. Depending on the technique, the process can be repeated for a number of times. It uses application of mordant to a metal plate just like etching.

Woodcut

A printing technique in which an image is carved into a woodblock surface typically using gouges while leaving the surface level with the printing parts. Areas cut away by the artist carry no ink while images or characters carry ink for producing the desired print. Cutting is done along the wood's grain unlike in wood engraving in which the block is cut at the end-grain. Surface is inked using an ink-covered roller that's rolled on the surface so as to leave ink on the flat surface and not on non-printing areas.

Crayon

Crayon is the French word for pencil. It is a pointed stick of colored wax, chalk, charcoal or clay used for coloring and drawing. Crayons are made from paraffin wax derived from petroleum, coal or wood. Pastel and oil pastels are also types of crayons.

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