Sam Francis

Untitled, 1984

106.7 X 73 inch

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What is Chalk?

What is Chalk?

Chalk is calcium carbonate, a mineral substance. In art, chalk is most often described in reference to drawing with chalk sticks. These are a mix of chalk, pigment in various colors and gum Arabic, pressed into a stick with four flat sides.

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American Abstract Artists (AAA)

American Abstract Artists (AAA) is the name of the organization founded in New York City to promote abstract art and its appreciation in the United States. Critics were strongly opposed to abstract art then. The AAA provided exhibit opportunities for abstract art and artists.

New Figuration

A collective term that refers to rejuvenation of figurative art in America and Europe in the year 1960 following an abstraction-dominated period. Michel Ragon, a French art critic argued that revival of figuration took place during a critical period of social and political turbulence in America and Europe.

Uncanny

The Uncanny is a concept which Sigmund Freud, psychologist, described as the anxious or strange feeling some individuals experience with familiar objects. Surrealist artists, seeking to reveal the subconscious and reconcile it with reality, used artwork which combined the familiar in unexpected and odd ways.

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