Sam Francis

Untitled, 1984

106.7 X 73 inch

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What is mezzotint?

What is mezzotint?

Mezzotint is the process of reverse engraving copper or steel plates so that relief illustrations will show light and shadow. The master plate surface is prepared so it will print solid black. Gray and white areas are prepared differently to show light and shadow.

Image © Casimiro PT/Shutterstock
Actionism

Short-violent art movement in the 20th century. Can be regarded as a major part of the many independent struggles and efforts to build the "action art" in the 1960s. Well known participants of this movement were Arnulf Rainer and Hermann Nitsch.

Kitsch

Kitsch is the term used to describe cheap, commercial, sentimental or vulgar pieces common to popular culture. It is the English use of a German word which actually means trash. Kitsch has described the opposite of high artwork since the 1920s.

Situationism

Psychological theory that started in 1968 at the time when the debate on "person-situation" was triggered through a monograph publication by Walter Mischel. It is an approach to art behavior that states that there are no general traits. It holds that behavior is externally influenced by situational factors from environment rather than motivations and internal traits. It thus challenges trait theorists like Raymond B. Cattel and Hans Esyenck. Major movement linked to situationism is "Situationist International" founded by Asger Jorn.

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