What is cement?
Cement is any variety of mixtures of clay, limestone, water, sand and gravel which forms concrete to be used as material for building things. To cement also means to join or unite. In art, cement can mean the process of gluing securely.Image © Pattypattra/Shutterstock
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Also referred to as Earth art, Earthworks or Environmental art. Primarily, it is a sculptural movement that encompasses creative artwork that integrates conceptual or physical elements of the earth or landscape to a finished piece.
Action painting is the term which describes the physical act of painting as an essential part of creating an artwork. Action painting includes gestural use of painting tools, splashing and dripping paint, or dancing and moving while applying paint to a work of art.
New Topographics is the term created in 1975 by William Jenkins to describe photographers whose work was mostly formal black and white images of urban landscapes. He felt their aesthetic was banal, but the photographers felt their compositions were as important as natural landscapes.