Sam Francis

Untitled, 1984

106.7 X 73 inch

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What is a cast?

What is a cast?

Cast is the term used to describe a form made from poured liquid material. The liquid may be one of several materials such as plastic, plaster, acrylic, concrete or mixed media. Once the liquid is cool and completely firm, the cast is removed.

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Clay

Clay is earth which is made when rocks weather and finally decompose. It takes a long time for water to carry pieces of earth, creating muck. The muck is collected, cleaned, prepared by removing rocks, and refined by adding sand to make clay.

Bronze

Bronze is a metal alloy which is made of copper and tin. Most modern compositions include 88% copper and 12% tin. Bronze eventually develops a patina, or surface color, that is a deep green. Large bronze objects are made in foundries.

New Topographics

New Topographics is the term created in 1975 by William Jenkins to describe photographers whose work was mostly formal black and white images of urban landscapes. He felt their aesthetic was banal, but the photographers felt their compositions were as important as natural landscapes.

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